When an author submits their work to a publisher for publication, the author must first choose the journal to whom they wish to send their work. Once the work is received, it is reviewed by the publisher's editorial staff. If it is accepted, the work is reviewed further for language, structure, accuracy, and methodology. Upon completion of the review, a decision is made to either accept the work, send the work back to the author for revisions, or reject the work completely (Zakout, 2020).
It is important to remember that predatory journals may not have a clearly defined review process. When considering a journal for publication, you should locate the publisher's review policy before submitting.
If you are unfamiliar with the publication review process, Editage lists the steps in the publication process, from submission to acceptance. They also have other articles and information regarding publishing academic works and editing papers for submission.
According to Boyle, et al. (2020), works under review are often categorized into one of the following types of works:
If a journal includes works that do not fit into one of these categories, it could be a sign of a predatory publisher. Works that do not fit into these categories could indicate lack of professionalism or knowledge of the publication process. In many cases, works that do not fit into one of these categories are rejected.