A bibliography is a list of source material, cited in whatever citation style you're required to use in a specific course.
An annotation is a summary and/or evaluation.
An Annotated Bibliography can include any type of resource unless otherwise specified by the assignment. This can include (but is not limited to):
Annotated Bibliographies can be a great resource for students before they write other types of assignments, like literature reviews.
There are TWO PARTS to each entry in an Annotated Bibliography. They are:
Be sure to carefully read over the assignment instructions when you're asked to compose an Annotated Bibliography, and reach out to your professor with any questions!
Consult your course style guide to confirm the accuracy of your citation.
You can also...
Focus on key areas of a text to learn enough so that you can write a strong annotation. This includes:
These areas will provide you with enough information to determine the topic, arguments, and conclusions drawn from any research presented.
A strong annotation will have three main parts:
Length requirements can vary from a few sentences to a single paragraph or a full page. Be sure to verify length requirements with your professor and/or through the assignment instructions.
Our guide for Evaluating Your Sources can help you assess your research material.
Bell, Caryn, and Michelle Holder. "The Interrelationship between Race, Social Norms, and Dietary Behaviors among College-attending Women."
American Journal of Health Behavior, vol. 43, no. 1, Jan.-Feb. 2019, pp. 23-36. This article examines a study conducted to compare racial identity
and dietary habits of women on college campuses. The findings of the study found that women with perceived differences and social/family norms
were more likely to develop unhealthy dietary habits in college, most specifically related to fruit and vegetable consumption. This resource is useful
because it examines self-perception of race and how that can impact behavior in ways that influence one's health in the future.
View a full example in MLA Style: